Lesson 2- Native American Cultural and Geographic RegionsThis is a featured page

ELA Standard 4-2: The student will read and comprehend a variety of informational texts in print and nonprint formats.

Social
Studies Standard 4-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the settlement of North America by Native Americans, Europeans, and African Americans and the interactions among these peoples.


Objective:

Given a chart, the student will categorize the characteristics of the Native American cultures of the Eastern Woodland, Southeastern, Plains, Southwestern, and Pacific Northwestern Indians with 100% accuracy.

Anticipatory Set:

Everyone has heard me talk about Maine. But, do you know where Maine is located? Lets look at it on a map.Maine is part of a region of the United States called New England. It is called New England because the first European settlers of the area were from England and they named it after their original home. However, before the European settlers arrived, Native Americans lived in Maine. Let’s look at one the of Native American tribes that lived in Maine long ago. We will see what this tribe used for food, clothing, and shelter. The Penobscot Nation Now this tribe as well as other tribes in New England lived in the region called the Eastern Woodlands. They shared many of the same traits or characteristics.

The Native Americans who lived in South Carolina lived in the Southeastern region. We will learn about how they lived. We will take a class trip to the State Museum to see exhibits about the Native Americans who lived in South Carolina long ago. Although, there were many Native Americans living in North America when European settlers arrived each group was unique. They ate different types of food, they lived in different types of shelters, and they lived in different regions. Each day this week we will look at a different group of Native Americans. We will talk about their way of life or culture. At the end of the week, you will know all about the Native Americans that lived in North America long ago and whose cultures still survive today. You will also learn how to organize information in a chart to categorize information and help you study for tests.

Materials/Technology Needed:

projection device, individual word processors for students or the use of the computer lab, files containing the class notes and chart template for each student.

Procedures:


Modeling/Guided Practice:

Using a projection device and a computer, the teacher will present class notes on the Eastern Woodland Indians. As the teacher reads and discusses the class notes, the teacher and students will categorize information using the following word processing techniques. They will highlight text which describes food sources, underline text which describes types of shelters, bold text which describes the geographic region, and italicize text which describes types of clothing. The teacher and students will then cut and paste the information into a table.

Characteristics Eastern Woodlands Southeastern Woodlands Southwestern Pacific Northwestern Plains
Food Deer, Moose, Squirrel, Rabbit, Corn



Clothing Deerskin tunics, leggings and moccasins



Shelter Longhouse



Geographic Region Northeastern U.S. and Canada





Independent Practice:

During each of the next four days, the teacher will project and discuss class notes about each of the remaining Native American cultural and geographic regions. As the teacher discusses the notes, the students will use their word processors to format and categorize the information using the techniques listed above. After the discussing the class notes, the teacher will post a copy of the notes with formatted text so the students can self-correct their notes. Once any corrections are made, the students will cut and paste their text into the chart shown above.

Students will use the completed charts as study guides. Students can use copy, cut, and paste to add and remove the characteristics from the chart. Students can use a correct copy of the cart as an answer key and self-correct any mistakes.

Assessment:

Students will be given a disk with a document containing a chart with the Native American regions and the characteristics headings(food, clothing etc...). The document will also contain a list of characteristics. Students may read the assessment independently or use a text to speech program. The student will use the copy and paste feature of the word processor to categorize the characteristics in the chart provided.

Performance Criteria:

Given a chart, the student will be able to categorize the individual characteristics of the Native American cultural groups under the correct heading with 100% accuracy.


**Students who do not meet the performance criteria will receive additional instruction and practice.





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